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Sunbelt W2Knews™ Electronic Newsletter
The secret of those "who always seem to know" - Over 500,000 Readers!
Sat, Jan 24, 1998
Sunbelt Windows NTools E-News[tm] - Jan 24, 1998
  This issue of W2Knews™ contains:
Sunbelt Windows NTools[tm] Electronic Newsletter
Vol. 3, #2 - Jan 24, 1998
--- http://www.sunbelt-software.com ---

***************************************************************
Sunbelt Windows NTools E-News is the world's first and largest 
E-Newsletter designed for NT System Managers that have the job of 
getting and keeping NT up & running in a production environment.
Sunbelt launched this electronic newsletter so that we could keep
members of the Windows NT community informed and aware of what is
happening with 3-rd party NT System Management Tools, and to
provide hints and tips that will enable you to better understand
and utilize Windows NT. You'll find general Windows NT related
and third party news, technical information, and 3-rd party beta
and release information. By subscribing to NTools E-News[tm], you 
are also a charter member of the Sunbelt Field Test Bonus Program.
Sunbelt Software is the first and largest distributor worldwide
of Third Party System Management Tools for Windows NT with
subsidiaries in the USA, UK, France, Germany, Holland and Italy.
****************************************************************

This issue of Windows NTools E-News contains:

1. "EDITORS CORNER" 

2. "TECH BRIEFING"
* WHAT ARE S.M.A.R.T. COMPLIANT DRIVES?
* RAMCHARGE ARTICLE: THEORY OF OPERATION

3. "NT RELATED NEWS"
* MICROSOFT OFFICIAL POSITION RE CLONING: WHITE PAPER
* GOOD NOVELL ARTICLE ABOUT ACTIVE DIRECTORY
* NT5.0 ARRIVAL DATE: 1999
* SITE SERVER 3.0 BETAS TO GO LIVE NEXT WEEK
* LATEST ONLINE ISSUE OF MS CERTIFIED PROFESSIONAL IS OUT
* WIN NT WORKSTATION YEARLY SALES UP 208%

4. "THIRD PARTY NEWS"
* NEW: SQL SERVER SYSTEM ADMINISTRATOR VIDEO SERIES
* PRINT MANAGER PLUS VERSION 2.0 RELEASED.

5. "HINTS AND TIPS - TIME SAVERS AND OTHER GOODIES...

6. "THE NT STOCK WATCH"

7. "HOW TO USE THE MAILING LIST"
NEW Instructions on how to subscribe, sign off
and change your address.

*********************************************************************
[This issue sponsored by NetVersant Technologies]
IS CLONING SAFE? You've heard about cloning--the technique that lets 
you broadcast complete images of model machines across a network. Sure, 
it drastically cuts new machine setup times, but what about SIDs and 
unique machine names? That's a big concern with NT 5.0 coming up. 
Click on http://www.netversant.com/1/cloning.html to find out what 
we learned and about the solution we've adopted. We'd also like your 
feedback, and if your colleagues are interested in cloning, feel free 
to forward this research offer to them.
*********************************************************************

1. "Editor's Corner" 

Hi NT-ers,

This time the editor's corner will be very short. There is so much
news that I'm at the 25K already. We try to keep this newsletter 
within that limit because of many newsreaders that have problems 
with messages bigger than that.

The biggest news this week was Microsoft's position on supporting
Novell NDS but you have been getting NewsFlashes about that already.
But there is some other interesting news about MS supporting 
something that has been controversial up to now: Cloning! Read on
for the official MS position. 

Keep on reading, there are a bunch of interesting goodies this time!

Warm regards,

Stu Sjouwerman

PS: From 1998 forward we will have a sponsorship message now and
then.

***************************************************************** 
2. "TECH BRIEFING"

* WHAT ARE S.M.A.R.T. COMPLIANT DRIVES?
In your Win NT servers and Workstations are very likely hard disks
that are so called S.M.A.R.T. compliant. What is it and what does
it matter to you?

S.M.A.R.T. is an abbreviation of Self Monitoring And Reporting
Technology. It is a major step toward the truly fault tolerant
computing environment, and an industry standard that practically
all drive manufacturers now adhere to. IBM, Connor, Seagate etc,
all play the SMART game, and drives like this have been shipping
for over a year. But Why? It's obvious the hard disk is the most 
vulnerable part of the box. We can monitor the drive with software 
tools for defects, but this is not a reliable way to detect hardware 
failure, it's after the fact.

S.M.A.R.T. on the other hand is a series of built-in specific 
tests on the controller. When a fault is detected a notification is
given that the hardware may fail and all data should be backed up
immediately and the drive sent for repair. S.M.A.R.T. is well
defined and endorsed by the Small Form Factor Committee which in-
cludes Compaq, Hitachi, IBM, Maxtor, Quantum, Seagate, Toshiba and
Western Digital among others. In fact, IBM has already shipped 3
million S.M.A.R.T. compliant drives which have logged over 20
billion hours.

What S.M.A.R.T. means to you is simple. Now the single most impor-
tant mass storage device in the system can be accurately monitored
for faults and more important for potential failure. This means
you can move critical data before the drive fails. The technology
can be described most accurately as "predictive failure analysis",
and was invented by IBM for their mainframes.

A drive that is S.M.A.R.T. compliant has a series of tests embedded
on the controller and data is collected and monitored for variations
within vendor specific thresholds. These tests are designed to pre-
dict impending degradation of a drive. For instance, if a drive is 
designed to spin at 3500 rpm, the threshold may be +/- 100 rpm and
the drive is within threshold that for a year. As the drive ages the
rpm begin to fluctuate and before long an error is logged that allows
the drive to be removed. S.M.A.R.T. is a first step toward more
reliable PC's and when you buy a hard drive, make sure they are 
S.M.A.R.T. compliant!
-------------------------------

* RAMCHARGE ARTICLE: THEORY OF OPERATION

We have had over a 1000 downloads for RamCharge the last few weeks,
which is definitely indicating strong interest in getting NT to go
faster any way possible. But measuring performance is not trivial.
You are now dealing with a relatively elusive thing called throughput.
If you load RamCharge on a lightly loaded workstation and expect an 
immediate speedup of your screen, you might be disappointed. RamCharge
shows immediate results on heavily loaded systems though. You just 
need to know where to look.

Throughput is simply stated the amount of work done in a given period 
of time. There are benchmarks out there that measure "before-and-after"
and these are usually the best way to measure an increased throughput
and thus performance. We have done several of these, and will give you
some hard numbers in the near future so it will be more easy to justify 
the purchase. Getting a 10 to 20% increase on a server with 100 users
can get you a easy $10,000 savings per year.

We have started with an article you can download from our website, to
understand what memory fragmentation is and how RamCharge gets rid of
it. Get your copy here: http://www.sunbelt-software.com/ramcharge.htm
We will also soon have a Memory Fragmentation Analysis executable that
actually _shows_ you how badly fragmented the pools really are.

To understand what is actually happening, first it is necessary to
understand what it is that RamCharge is actually doing. In NT, a 
process will request a memory packet of a given size. The request is 
processed, and the memory is allocated on a "first fit" basis. This 
means that the first space in memory that is large enough to accom-
modate the request will be allocated; anything left over in that space 
will be left available. 

Over time, this scenario will result in a large quantity of small 
spaces in memory at the "top" of the memory pool, and larger spaces 
toward the "bottom" of the memory pool. In essence, there will be many 
of the smaller spaces that are actually too small to be used, and thus 
they become overhead for the process while the system is trying to find 
a "fit" for the memory request. The more of these smaller spaces that 
exist, the more overhead incurred while servicing the memory request. 
This memory is actually wasted.

By getting rid of these smaller spaces, RamCharge will functionally 
allow larger spaces in memory to be available at the "top" of the 
memory pool, and thus lower the overhead of allocating a space in 
memory. RamCharge does this by "compacting" memory; not unlike pulling 
beads tight on a string. Processes are able to get to usable memory 
faster, CPU time is saved, and less memory is wasted!

Basically, this is a brand new category of tool, and it will take a
little while before everyone understands what the benefits are. You
guys are the pioneers and opinion leaders for your group. Here is one 
more colleague that is a happy camper.

"I installed RamCharge successfully, and I'm very impressed with it 
(I'm a performance fanatic who thinks in terms like "if this thing 
saves me an average of 3-4 seconds every time I open a program or 
dialog, that adds up to a lot more real working time over the course 
of a year"). I'm also very impressed that software working at this 
level of system of operations has been running on my system for close 
to a month of intensive work with a variety of other applications, and 
has yet to produce any conflicts, memory addressing problems, etc. 
Very fine work!" Robert Crooks, Bentley College
----------------------------

*****************************************************************
3. "NT RELATED NEWS"

* MICROSOFT OFFICIAL POSITION RE CLONING: WHITE PAPER

Microsoft has in the past stated that Premier support would not be
available for "cloned" workstations. This policy has been modified and
further clarified by Microsoft in a white paper now available in an
early version at http://www.netversant.com/1/mspaper.html

From this white paper: "In summary, we can say that cloned machines will
be supported by Microsoft with certain caveats related directly to the
installation method. There will never be a situation where Microsoft
Premier Support will deny service to a customer simply because a machine
was cloned. The commitment is to support the product until we
successfully determine that the cause of the problem is directly related
to the install method."

The paper goes on to say, "In response to customer requests, Microsoft
is currently investigating a solution for both the Windows NT 5.0 and
Windows 98 releases that will support creation of a master installation
image of Windows", and "This mechanism will resolve unique local domain
SID issues for Windows NT and will provide the minimum necessary
end-user customization required for a unique, fully supportable Windows
installation."

NetVersant has shown me an e-mail from Ken Smiley, Microsoft Program
Manager which states: "The Whitepaper will be updated in about a month
to include additional information that was not available at the time the
whitepaper went to press. You will find that cloning NT 4 will become a
lot easier in the near future."

This indicates to me that cloning will receive better support as early
as a Service Release for NT 4.0. Good news for all of us network
implementers, and welcome support for the cloning utility makers.
------------------------------

* GOOD NOVELL ARTICLE ABOUT ACTIVE DIRECTORY

Last Issue I told all of you that Active Directory was the thing to
start looking at in 1998. Well, Novell had a look at it as well and
wrote an article about it (it's been on the web for a while but I was
only told about it yesterday) that points out the weaknesses of AD
and obviously the strengths of Novell's Directory Services. I read it
today and it's actually a great article that prepares you for the 
coming migration and the problems and pitfalls connected to it. 
Novell have done their homework and this will save you a lot of time. 
Recommended! http://www.novell.com/products/nds/nds4nt/wpnds.html
----------------------------

* NT5.0 ARRIVAL DATE: 1999

MS chairman Bill Gates said on Tuesday he expected the Beta 2 trial 
version Windows NT 5.0 to be shipped in the middle of 1998. The final 
version will be within six to nine months afterwards. Bill was speaking 
via a satellite link-up to a financial markets conference in London, 
and did not give a final launch date for NT 5.0. So this will be Q1 
or even Q2 1999 before we see 5.0. Well, that will give us some
rest and get the networks implemented and stable. If you absolutely
need to implement NT in large enterprises, get your hands on Active
Directory, compare it to Novell's Directory Services, and make up your
mind about the estimated effort to get it in a production environment.
there are definitely implementation issues to be resolved with 5.0,
not the least domain migration woes.
---------------------------

* SITE SERVER 3.0 BETA GOES LIVE NEXT WEEK

MS plans to release beta versions of Site Server 3.0 and Site Server 
3.0 Commerce Edition intranet-building and management tool kits on 
Monday.

The new features: expanded search, content management, analysis, and 
personalization capabilities are aimed at allowing you to get a handle 
on the more and more complicated task of managing online sales to 
clients, as well as providing new ways to gather end-user customer 
input, said Pat Fox, Microsoft group product manager for Site Server.
The full 3.0 versions are planned to debut during Q2 1998.

Multiple authors can now submit content via a drag-and-drop Web 
interface and via FrontPage 98, which will be included in the final 
versions of Site Server 3.0 and the Commerce Edition. Users can also 
replicate site content from a staging server to one or more production 
servers.

Site Server will now also allow information to be "pushed" to end-user 
desktops via Active Channel multicasting technology to cut down on 
the amount of bandwidth used.

The betas should be available for download Monday on the MS Web site.
---------------------------

* LATEST ONLINE ISSUE OF MS CERTIFIED PROFESSIONAL IS OUT

In the latest online issue, there is some good stuff: The Third Annual 
Salary Survey: Are You Earning What You're Worth? Compensation for MCPs 
continues to rise along with the rest of the industry. But as newcomers 
flood the ranks and years of experience plummets for the average MCSE, 
the average salary for that title takes a hit. I know that in the last 
issue we claimed that MCSE pay was up, and now it suddenly is down? 
It's all a matter of experience, so read all about it, and learn what 
you can do to enhance your salary. http://www.mcpmag.com.
---------------------------

* WIN NT WORKSTATION YEARLY SALES UP 208%

Of the 76.6 million OS units shipped in 1997, 69.4 percent were Windows
95, 9.2 percent were Windows NT Workstation, 7.7 percent were Windows 3.x,
4.6 percent were Macintosh, 2.3 percent were DOS, with the remaining 7
percent or so for all other environments.

Windows 95 shipments grew 12.9 percent, while Windows NT Workstation
shipments grew a whopping 208.5 percent, bringing its market share from 
3 to 9.2 percent.
----------------------------

*****************************************************************
4. "THIRD PARTY NEWS"

* NEW: SQL SERVER SYSTEM ADMINISTRATOR VIDEO SERIES

Last weekend I went through 5 video's that get you trained as a
SQL 6.5 SysAdmin. Very interesting and a great time saver. The
Author is a lady who been working with SQL for 10 years, since 
V1.0. She's an MCSE and has filtered out the really important
issues in a really nice digestible format. The tapes go into SQL
admin basics, and show how to get results by both SQL commands 
executed in the query language and the GUI so you understand what
is happening. 

This is one of the electives for the MCSE Exam. Each tape is about 
90 minutes and shows you HOW to do it all. When I had seen them 
all I had a good conceptual and practical understanding what it 
takes to get SQL System Admin under your belt. In the US, the retail 
Cost $399.95 and with the Sybex Study Guide $449.00. You can 
order them at Sunbelt: 888 NT UTILS, they are ready now.
-----------------------------

* PRINT MANAGER PLUS VERSION 2.0 RELEASED.

Software Shelf International, Inc. announced the release of Print 
Manager Plus Version 2.0 for network administrators to quota 
or track pages printed by users from Windows NT, 95, Windows 3.1, 
MAC, OS/2, or UNIX workstations. New management features ensure 
simple, powerful and easy control of up to thousands of users and 
printers printing on a network or domain.

Print Manager Plus is a multi-platform, cost cutting enterprise 
management solution that you to easily control thousands of printers 
or users, in real time. You can view every user or user group on a 
network from one window, quota their pages or track numbers of pages 
they print. You can deny printing of documents by file type or if over 
a specified size. Costs related to printing can be easily controlled 
or slashed. It solves the problem in colleges and universities where 
daily thousands of students print millions of pages virtually out of 
control. Also it can track the number of pages printed by each user 
or user group to charge-back costs by department.

All major printers are supported including those of Hewlett-Packard,
Canon, Xerox, Digital, Epson, Fujitsu, IBM, Okidata, and many others.

Software Shelf President Bill Feeley states, "Systems Integrators 
will find Print Manager Plus Version 2.0 mandatory to truly control 
network printing". he continued: " It operates with NT clients
as well as those of other Windows, Mac and Unix platforms. Its 
remarkable ease of use, simplicity and power put the ability to 
intelligently cut the cost of paper, cartridge, and printer wear and 
tear at the administrator's finger tips."

Feeley added, "Companies can really find out what they are spending 
on printing and why. A typical company with 1,000 employees print 4 
million pages a year. Printers and cartridges are underutilized or 
abused. Less than half of all companies track the cost, it's an 
unaudited expense. Print Manager Plus will track and control these 
expenses."

Print Manger Plus installs onto any Windows NT server and operates 
in the background as a native NT service. Get a 30-day eval at:
http://www.sunbelt-software.com/printmgr.htm
------------------------------

*****************************************************************
5. "HINTS AND TIPS - TIME SAVERS AND OTHER GOODIES...
(thanks for your contributions!)

"You're doing your readers a disservice to describe the bonk attack as 
an ICMP message - it's a UDP packet to port 53. In particular, 
readers might be led to believe by your description that the attack 
could be foiled by filtering ICMP messages in a firewall, which isn't 
the case". Peter Desnoyers
---
"Partition MAGIC works fine on an NT4 server with several NTFS and FAT
partitions. You need a primary FAT partition (DOS) to work with it though.
ATTENTION: Before you do anything with NTFS partitions, be sure to
upgrade to version 3.04!! With version 3.04 reliability is VERY good."
---
"MCSE Order of study: Regarding the order to take exams, I can talk 
about my own experience on that:
- Windows 95
- Networking Essentials
- Windows NT 4.0 and Windows NT 4.0 Enterprise (on the same day)
- TCP/IP on Windows NT 4.0
- Internet Information Server 3.0
I took Windows 95 first because it made me a Certified Professional 
sooner (Networking Essential doesn't give you that title). Windows NT 
4.0 and Enterprise have similar topics, so I decided to study for both 
at the same time. I also chose the electives that made me both "Systems 
Engineer" and "Specialist: Internet". It worked fine for me..."
---
Subscribe here to the Worlds #1 MCSE List Server, over 3,500 members!
http://www.ntsoftdist.com/scripts/lyris.pl?join=mcse-list
Here is a win:" Passed Network Ess. yesterday with a 844 (could have 
done better) but, that completed my NT40 MCSE track. I received a lot 
of help from this list and just wanted to say Thanks to one and all. 
Good luck to everyone with their future. Keep on studying!
Michael J. Turpin - MCSE (!)
---

*****************************************************************
6. "THE NT STOCK WATCH" Friday, January 24, 1998

52 WK 52 WK P/E WEEK
SECURITY CLOSE HIGH LOW RATIO CHNG
---------------------------------------------------------------------
BMC Software Inc......... 68 1/2 71 1/4 39 5/8 54 +8.8%
Citrix Systems Inc....... 67 3/8 84 1/2 9 3/4 47 -8.3%
Compaq Computer Corp..... 31 3/4 39 49/64 14 3/16 27 +7.4%
Dell Computer Corp....... 94 13/16 103 7/8 29 15/16 41 +2.2%
Digital Eqpmt. Corp...... 45 7/16 53 13/16 25 29 +13.7%
Hewlett Packard Company.. 61 5/8 72 15/16 48 1/8 21 -3.3%
IBM...................... 99 3/16 113 1/2 63 9/16 17 -5.5%
Intergraph Corporation... 9 11/16 14 3/16 6 1/4 -1.9%
Microsoft Corporation.... 138 1/4 150 3/4 86 5/8 47 +2.2%
Networks Associates Inc.. 53 3/4 78 1/2 36 1/2 +5.9%
Novell Inc............... 7 3/32 13 6 17/64 -3.8%
Oracle Corporation....... 19 7/16 42 1/8 17 5/8 27 0.0%
Qualcomm Inc............. 54 7/16 71 15/16 41 1/4 33 +18.3%
Qualix Group Inc......... 2 3/4 9 3/4 2 7/8 9 -25.4%
Seagate Technologies Inc. 20 1/4 56 1/4 17 3/4 +9.4%
Silicon Graphics Inc..... 13 11/16 30 5/16 10 15/16 55 +20.3%
Sun Microsystems Inc..... 46 53 5/16 25 7/8 25 +1.9%
Sybase Inc............... 7 41/64 23 5/8 7 1/8 31 -14.3%
Symantec Corporation..... 23 3/16 27 3/4 12 20 -0.2%
Dow Jones 30 Industrials. 7,700.74 -0.6%


**************************************************************
7. "HOW TO USE THE MAILING LIST"
Instructions on how to subscribe, sign off
and change addresses

TO SUBSCRIBE TO THE LIST

Go to: 
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and fill out the form, simple & easy: 1 minute work.
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TO QUIT THE LIST

Two ways to do it: 

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choose the NT-List, use your email address that is at the
bottom of each newsletter and leave the list via the
web interface.

2) Simply forward any newsletter you get to this email address:
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_____________________________________________________

TO CHANGE YOUR ADDRESS

First unsubscribe and then resubscribe as per the
procedure above.

*************************************************

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**************************************************

Legal Stuff:
This document is provided for informational purposes only. 
The information contained in this document represents the
current view of Sunbelt Software Distribution on the issues
discussed as of the date of publication. Because Sunbelt
must respond to changes in market conditions, it should not
be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Sunbelt
and Sunbelt cannot guarantee the accuracy of any
information presented after the date of publication.

INFORMATION PROVIDED IN THIS DOCUMENT IS PROVIDED "AS IS"
WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED,
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notice and any other notices provided therein; and 3) This
document may not be distributed for profit. All trademarks
acknowledged. Copyright Sunbelt Software Distribution,Inc 1998.

(email me with feedback: [email protected])